A Chronology of Events
Four black men in McClenny are removed from the local jail and hung
for the alleged rape of a white woman.
11/02/20 Two whites and at least five blacks are killed
in Ocoee in a dispute over voting rights. The black community of
Ocoee is destroyed, 25 homes, 2 churches, and a Masonic Lodge.
2/12/21 A black man in Wauchula is hung for an alleged
attack on a white woman.
12/09/22 A black man in Perry is burned at the stake,
accused of the murder of a white school teacher. A black church, school, Masonic Lodge, and meeting hall are burned.
12/31/22 On New Year's Eve a large Ku Klux Klan Parade
is held in Gainesville.
01/01/23 Early morning: Fannie Taylor reports an attack
by an unidentified black man.
Monday afternoon: Aaron Carrier is apprehended by a posse
and is spirited out of the area by Sheriff Walker.
Late afternoon: A posse of white vigilantes apprehend and
kill a black man named Sam Carter.
01/02/23 Armed whites begin gathering in Sumner.
01/04/23 Late evening: White vigilantes attack the Carrier
house. Two white men are killed, and several others wounded. A black woman, Sarah Carrier is killed and others inside the Carrier
house are either killed or wounded. Rosewood's black residents flee into the
swamps. One black church is burned, and several unprotected homes.
Lexie Gordon is murdered.
01/05/23 Approximately 200-300 whites from surrounding
areasbegin to converge on Rosewood. Mingo
Williams is murdered. Governor Cary Hardee is notified, and Sheriff Walker reports that he fears "no further disorder." The
Sheriff of Alachua County arrives in Rosewood to assist Sheriff Walker.James Carrier is murdered.
01/06/23 A train evacuates refugees to Gainesville.
01/07/23 A mob of 100-150 whites return to Rosewood and
burn the remaining structures.
01/17/23 A black man in Newberry is convicted of stealing
cattle. He is removed from his cell and hung by local whites.
02/11/23 A Grand Jury convenes in Bronson to investigate
the Rosewood riot.
The Grand Jury finds "insufficient evidence" to prosecute.